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Main Causes of Hair Loss

Hair loss is a common concern that affects millions worldwide. It is natural to lose some hair every day, but excessive hair shedding or thinning can be distressing. Understanding the main causes of hair loss is crucial in determining the appropriate treatment and prevention strategies. Read on to explore the major factors that contribute to hair loss.


Genetic Predisposition


Genetic predisposition, or androgenetic alopecia, is among the primary causes of hair loss. It affects both men and women. It is commonly known as male or female pattern baldness. Experts believe it is inherited through a combination of genes from both parents.


Individuals with a family history of hair loss may have some hormones like dihydrotestosterone (DHT). These cause hair follicles to shrink over time. The process results in progressively thinner hair and shorter growth cycles. The affected hair follicles become incapable of producing new hair over time.


Hormonal Imbalances 


Hormones play a significant role in regulating hair growth cycles. Any imbalances in hormone levels can lead to hair loss. For example, hormonal changes during pregnancy or menopause can cause temporary hair shedding. 

During pregnancy, elevated levels of some hormones, like estrogen, can prolong the hair growth phase. It leads to thicker and fuller hair. However, hormone levels fluctuate. Many women experience postpartum hair shedding after childbirth. 


The shedding is usually temporary and resolves within a few months as hormone levels stabilize. Addressing the underlying hormonal imbalances through medical interventions can help. It can manage and reduce hair loss associated with hormonal imbalances.


Nutritional Deficiencies 


A well-balanced diet is vital for healthy hair growth. Nutritional deficiencies can contribute to hair loss. Some nutrients are crucial for maintaining strong and vibrant hair. Iron, zinc, biotin, Vitamin D, and protein deficiencies can all impact hair health. 


Iron deficiencies, for instance, hamper oxygen delivery to the hair follicles, weakening hair strands. To prevent this, adopting a nutrient-rich diet or considering supplementation can help.


Stress and Emotional Factors 


Stress can disrupt the natural hair growth cycle. Telogen effluvium is a condition triggered by severe emotional and physical stress. It leads to a sudden increase in hair shedding. Emotional factors such as grief, anxiety, and depression can also contribute to hair loss. Adopting stress-management techniques like exercise, meditation, and therapy can help mitigate the impact of stress on hair health.


Medications and Medical Treatments 


Some medications and medical treatments can cause hair loss. Chemotherapy is an example. Similarly, medications like antidepressants and beta-blockers may lead to hair thinning. 


Trauma to the Hair and Scalp


Physical trauma to the hair and scalp can cause hair loss. Hairstyles that pull tightly on the hair, such as ponytails, braids, and burns, cause traction alopecia. The condition occurs when excessive tension is applied to the hair follicles, resulting in hair breakage. 

It eventually causes permanent hair loss. Frequent and aggressive use of heat styling tools, chemical treatments, and harsh hair products can weaken the hair shafts, making them more prone to breakage and thinning.


Underlying Medical Conditions


Different underlying medical conditions can lead to hair loss. Scalp conditions like seborrheic dermatitis can cause inflammation, leading to hair loss. Autoimmune disorders like alopecia areata cause patchy hair loss. They result in the immune system attacking the hair follicles. 


Some infections, diabetes, and lupus can contribute to hair loss, making it vital to identify and address these underlying conditions. Seek proper medical diagnosis and treatment to manage hair loss effectively.


For more about causes of hair loss, or to get started on your hair restoration journey, call SD Bombshell Aesthetics at our office in La Jolla, California. To schedule an appointment, you can reach us at (619) 663-3003.

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